The Iris Nebula.  It has a spectral class of O(H)3.5 V., This is a Type IIb/III planetary nebula with a low expansion velocity of 15 km/s. The Bubble Nebula. As some stars die, they form fantastically shaped clouds of dust and gas known as planetary nebulae (NGC 6302, also known as the Butterfly Nebula, shown).  The chemical abundances in the shell indicate that the progenitor had only undergone partial conversion of carbon into nitrogen when its life span came to an end. To capture the images of the Dumbbell Nebula shared on this page, I collected several hours worth of sub-exposures. At this magnification, the Dumbbell Nebula appears quite small in a sea of colorful stars. NGC 5307 is a planetary nebula in the southern constellation of Centaurus, positioned less than 3° to the northeast of the star Epsilon Centauri. When a star like the sun uses up all of the hydrogen in its core, it expands into a red giant, with a radius that increases by tens to hundreds of times. The Merope Nebula. The Dumbbell Nebula is a popular target for beginners in astrophotography because it delivers incredible results with minimal exposure time. The Dumbbell Nebula was the first planetary nebula to be discovered by Charles Messier in 1764. The Witch's Broom Nebula. You do not need to modify your DSLR camera to enjoy capturing many of the deep sky astrophotography targets in the night sky.  The central star, designated PNG 312.3+10.5, is a weak emission-line star, superficially similar to the WC subtype of Wolf–Rayet stars. The nebula is located at a distance of approximately 10.6 kilolight-years from the Sun. The Dumbbell Nebula was the first planetary nebula to be discovered by Charles Messier in 1764. The Cocoon Nebula. The Horse Head Nebula and NGC 2023. Where to find the Dumbbell Nebula – Star Chart by www.freestarcharts.com. For a better understanding of this process, please view this Photoshop image processing tutorial video. , Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, "New General Catalogue objects: NGC 5300 - 5349", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=NGC_5307&oldid=980176044, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 01:43. Using narrowband filters can help reveal the outer structure of this object (particularly Ha and OIII). Scientists estimate that this nebula lies approximately 1,200 light-years from Earth. Overall it is rectangular in shape, and has two pairs of higher density knots that are symmetric around the middle, aligned along position angles of approximately 30° and 163°. View More Deep Sky Images in my Astrophotography Image Gallery, Photoshop image processing tutorial video, Deep Sky Astrophotography Walkthrough (Video), AstroBackyard | Astrophotography Tips and Tutorials 2020. It was discovered by English astronomer John Herschel on April 15, 1836. Reflection Nebula M78. Mountains in the Mist (Color) The Great Orion Nebula. The Dumbbell Nebula is a satisfying target to capture with a DSLR camera and telescope, as the bright color and details of M27 are revealed in a relatively short exposure. This creates an image with a healthy signal-to-noise ratio, allowing me to effectively process the final image in Adobe Photoshop. The process of making the planetary nebula takes a few thousand years, a blink of the astronomical eye, and the nebula itself only lasts some 20,000 years more before it disperses into interstellar space. The image below shows just how wide the field of view is using this telescope on a small target like the Dumbbell Nebula. To learn how I process my astrophotography images in Adobe Photoshop, please see my premium image processing guide. M27, commonly known as the Dumbbell Nebula, is a bright planetary nebula in the constellation Vulpecula.  The morphology shows point symmetry around the center. As small as this may seem, it is actually quite larger than most White Dwarf stars. This is a 1 hour and 20-minute exposure with a stock Canon Rebel Xsi DSLR through an 80mm telescope. With an apparent magnitude of +7.5, this nebula is brighter than most of the other nebulae in the night sky. The data was then integrated and calibrated in a software application called DeepSkyStacker. NGC 5307 is a planetary nebula in the southern constellation of Centaurus, positioned less than 3° to the northeast of the star Epsilon Centauri. Due to the increased magnification of the telescope (1050mm), the nebula was recorded with. Below, is a photo of the Dumbbell Nebula I captured in the summer of 2020. In the middle of the Dumbbell Nebula, you may notice a central star. I’ve used many different cameras and telescopes to photograph the Dumbbell Nebula in the past. A planetary nebula represents a phase of stellar evolution that the sun should experience several billion years from now. The photo below showcases what this Nebula looks like using a stock DSLR camera and a small refractor telescope: The Dumbbell Nebula using a Stock DSLR and 80mm Refractor Telescope. These display a slightly enhanced abundance of nitrogen compared to the rest of the nebula and are photoionized on the side facing the central star. If you can see the constellation Vulpecula from your backyard, there is a good chance you can view the Dumbbell Nebula with a small telescope. Using this particular deep-sky imaging setup, the Dumbbell Nebula appeared much larger than it did using my small refractor telescopes.  It was discovered by English astronomer John Herschel on April 15, 1836. However, a broadband true-color image with a regular DSLR camera is quite impressive on its own. A new study hints at how these nebulae form. The Astrophotography telescope and equatorial mount used for the image shown below. When it comes to deep-sky astrophotography using a telescope, the image acquisition stage outside is only half of the story. To create the final image, I used a Sky-Watcher Esprit 150 apochromatic refractor telescope, and a Starlight Xpress CCD camera. My first try was with an Explore Scientific ED80 Triplet APO refractor with a focal length of 480mm. The image includes over 6 hours worth of total exposure time using narrowband filters. This is classified as a White Dwarf, which is estimated to have a radius of 0.13 light-seconds. Depending on their individual masses, AGB stars are only 100,000 to 20 million years away from becoming planetary nebulae. Messier 27 is easily visible in binoculars or a small telescope, even from a light-polluted location. For an annotated version of the image below, visit my Astrometry.net results page for this object. In the following video, I document the entire process of photographing a nebula (the Dumbbell Nebula) with my telescope in the backyard. In the middle of the Dumbbell Nebula, you may notice a central star. Messier 27 is easily visible in binoculars or a small telescope, even from a light-polluted location. , NGC 5307 can be seen primarily in the southern hemisphere.  The symmetrical shape of the nebula may have arisen from jets emerging from both sides of a disk about the central star. The nebula is located at a distance of approximately 10.6 kilolight-years from the Sun. This was one of the first deep-sky objects I attempted to photograph through a telescope, and I have since re-visited the target several times. This free tool is a fantastic way to discover exactly what you have captured in your image. Planetary Nebula Jones-Emberson 1 (PK 164+31.1) The Tadpole Nebula. The Cone and Fox Fur Nebula Region. The Crab Nebula.
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