In that time, some tortoises arrived from mainland South America by overwater dispersal and by a passive journey facilitated by the Humboldt Current. The closest living relative of the Galapagos tortoise is the Argentine tortoise (Chelonoidis chilensis), a much smaller species from South America. To keep the other surviving Galapagos tortoises still alive for future generations it is important that the often small rest populations are intensively protected in their natural habitat. It all began with passing whalers and the most basic of human instincts – hunger. For all the 165.000 tourist, who travel per year to the Galapagos Islands, the visit of the Charles Darwin Research Station is a must on Santa Cruz Island and "Lonesome George" was a regular object of public warship. La Pinta Island was being frequented by these hard-working and hungry individuals as a site for picking up giant tortoises. Pinta island tortoise enclosure in LOST ZOO (Click to view larger image). However, during the last decades the intention to guarantee the survival and the protection of the still existing populations became more and more important. George serves as an important symbol for conservation efforts in the Galápagos Islands and throughout the world. called the Pinta island. Galapagos local restaurant signboard design (Click to view larger image). The dead "Lonesome George" was transported to the American Museum for Natural History in New York and the stuffed animal can be seen there now as the last representative of his subspecies. Therefore the tortoise numbers declined from over 250,000 to a low of around 3,000 in the 1970s. "Lonesome George" became the incarnation of the endangered species diversity and served as a potent symbol for conservation efforts in the Galapagos Islands and throughout the world. La Pinta Island: Good to the Last Tortoise. The divergence between both species probably occurred 6â12 million years ago. Eggs : Up to 16 spherical, hard-shelled eggs (82-157g) are laid into a 30cm deep, cylindrical hole. Sex ratio : Like for other reptiles the temperature plays a role in the sex of the hatchlings. Appearance : Shape like a saddle, very narrow, compressed, and slightly upturned anteriorly, and wider and lower posteriorly with a rounded margin; long neck. Therefore "Lonesome George" died with an age of 80-100 years as a bachelor. For quite a long time a single living individual of an 11th subspecies was kept for his safety on the Charles Darwin Research Station on Santa Cruz Island and nicknamed "Lonesome George", Body weight : Males larger than females; males weigh 272â317Kg, females 136â181Kg. Now this subspecies of the Galapagos tortoise is also extinct. In 1535, an archipelago consisting of 5 larger, 10 medium sized and several small volcanic islands was explored. On the first glimpse, the Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis elephantopus) seem to be similar to the Giant tortoises (Megalochelys gigantea) of the Seychelles in the Indian Ocean. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? Adored worldwide, he has been a powerful symbol for conservation efforts in the Galapagos and around the world. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? He was the last representative of his subspecies, when he died almost three years ago on June 24, 2012. Lonesome George was a Pinta Island tortoise living in the Galapagos Islands, known as the rarest creature in the world and the last member of his subspecies until he died in 2012 at the age of 102. Lower temperature produces more males and higher temperature more females. All Rights Reserved. In the beginning of the 20th century scientists recognized the critical status of the Galapagos tortoises. Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo?