The Malayan tapir was once found throughout the tropical lowland rainforests of Southeast Asia, including Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and Vietnam. Their ears are large and are coloured white on the rims, they have small eyes and a large proboscis. Exclusively herbivorous, the animal forages for the tender shoots and leaves of more than 115 species of plants (around 30 are particularly preferred), moving slowly through the forest and pausing often to eat and note the scents left behind by other tapirs in the area.  In 2000, two melanistic tapirs were observed during a study of tigers in the Jerangau Forest Reserve in Malaysia. It has four toes on each front foot and three toes on each back foot. Similar Animals Tapirs mark out their territories by spraying urine on plants, and they often follow distinct paths, which they have bulldozed through the undergrowth. Main Characteristics The gestation period of the Malayan tapir is about 390–395 days, after which a single offspring, weighing around 15 pounds (6.8 kg), is born. Humans also threaten tapirs by destroying their habitat. The site is highly acclaimed by a number of the world's leading tropical scientists. Tapirs in the wild do have predators, typically large cats, though this effect on their population is tiny compared to that of human predation and habitat consumption. Breeding typically occurs in April, May or June, and females generally produce one calf every two years. Malayan tapir (otherwise known as Asian tapir) is the only living species of Old World tapir. Malayan Tapirs breed during April and May and after a gestation period of 390 - 400 days, 1 young is born. Brazilian Tapir. However, unless, and until, more T. i. brevetianus individuals can be studied, the precise explanation for the trait will remain unknown. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Their two main threats are tigers and dholes. The Malayan tapir communicates in several ways. There are no subspecies of the Malayan Tapir. This colouration helps them to stay hidden in their shady habitat. Is this web site credible? Interesting Facts Malayan tapirs are located in southeast Asia, in countries such as Thailand and Burma. This is because, in recent years, people have destroyed most of the natural habitats of this species. It tipically weighs between 250 and 320 kg (550 and 710 lb), although some adults can weigh up to 540 kg (1,190 lb). They have small, beady eyes with brown irises on either side of their faces. Baird's Tapir Humans and tigers are the main predators of Malayan Tapirs. Check the main. They tend to eat soon after sunset or before sunrise, and they will often nap in the middle of the night. The Malayan Tapir (also known as the Asian Tapir) is the largest of the tapir species and has a distinctive white b… "Status and Action Plan of the Malayan Tapir, Woodland Park Zoo Animal Fact Sheet: Malayan Tapir, "Recent Observations of Melanistic Tapirs in Peninsular Malaysia", UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malayan_tapir&oldid=971759844, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 August 2020, at 01:48. Malayan tapirs have few predators. However, humans have taken it upon themselves to endanger the survival of the Malaysian tapir. They use high pitched squeaks and whistles. They reach sexual maturity at approximately 3 years of age and females produce offspring every other year. Because of their size, tapirs have few natural predators, and even reports of killings by tigers are scarce. Interesting Facts Malayan Tapirs are also known as: Asian Tapir Similar Animals Baird's Tapir Mountain Tapir Brazilian Tapir May I use graphics from mongabay.com for my projects? Some ideas are listed at, Where can I learn more about rainforests?  Protected status in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand, which seeks to curb deliberate killing of tapirs but does not address the issue of habitat loss, has had limited effect in reviving or maintaining the population. The Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), also called the Asian tapir, Asiatic tapir, Oriental tapir, Indian tapir, or piebald tapir, is the largest of the four widely-recognized species of tapir and the only one native to Asia. In the Malay language, the tapir is commonly referred to as cipan, tenuk or badak tampung. A small number of melanistic (all-black) Malayan tapirs have been observed. It is covered in black hair, except for the tips of its ears, which, as with other tapirs, are rimmed with white. , The animal is easily identified by its markings, most notably the light-colored patch that extends from its shoulders to its rear end.  However, when threatened or frightened, the tapir can run quickly, despite its considerable bulk, and can also defend itself with its strong jaws and sharp teeth. Tapirs are mainly active at night, though they are not exclusively nocturnal. It also possesses unusually positioned orbits, an unusually shaped cranium with the frontal bones elevated, and a retracted nasal incision. Malayan tapirs can live up to 30 years, both in the wild and in captivity.