India is home to scores of different types of snakes. This paper presents a model to enable policy makers to assess the amount and utilization of ASV in their areas. Materials and methods There is little reliable information on the incidence of snake bite in many parts of the world, and epidemiological studies are needed, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to identify and quantify serum levels of venom antigen and antibody. This reflects, in part, the lack of a dedicated veterinary antivenom. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1990; 84: 301-8 Warrell DA. Neurotoxicity due to envenoming was recorded in nine patients (17%). Antivenom : Each box contains 1 vial of Snake Venom Antiserum BP, 10 ml WFI ampoule and one sterile disposable syringe. The purpose of this article is to review the available treatment methods and outline the treatment methods preferred in our institution for crotalidae envenomation. Not only was this the case with different species of snakes, but even between the same species of snakes that were geographically separated. a) Neurotoxic syndrome- signs of neuro-paralysis like blurring of vision, double vision, and difficulty in swallowing, sleepy feeling, drooping of head, Slurring of speech and the voice may become indistinct with shallow breathing, ptosis, ataxia, respiratory paralysis and generalized flaccid paralysis. One hundred and ninety-seven (75.8%) had bite on lower limb and 62 (23.8%) on upper limbs. Three families of venomous snakes (atractaspidids, elapids, and viperids) possess an advanced venom apparatus that has, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Conclusions: Mortality in patients with snake bite can be predicted by simple variables like presence of bleeding tendencies, respiratory failure, and shock. Factors contributing to fatal outcome included inadequate dose of antivenom (15 cases), misidentification of the snake leading to use of the wrong antivenom (12), problems associated with mechanical ventilation (10), and delayed arrival in hospital after traditional (herbal) treatment (10). The second part of the research revealed that the commercially available antivenom was ineffective against a number of snakebites. Acute kidney injury secondary to Eastern Brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) bite: A case study. Compared to predatory strikes, defensive bites involve greater variation in venom expenditure. Since then, production methods have not changed significantly; then and now, antivenom is made by immunizing animals. The case fatality rate reported from the hospital based data was 1.04%.