asian black bear facts

All Rights Reserved. Brigadier General R.G. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Asiatic Black Bear ''Ursus thibetanus'', Denver Zoo, "Detailed Physiology Notes" with literature reports for the Asiatic black bear – Ursus thibetanus, Aspects of evolution and adaptation in American black bears (, "Genetic Structure of the Asiatic Black Bear in Japan Using Mitochondrial DNA Analysis", Middle Pleistocene Ursus thibetanus (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Kudaro Caves in the Caucasus, "Historical Review on the Spectacled Bear Captive Breeding in Venezuela", "An apparent hybrid wild bear from Cambodia", Hybrid Asiatic black bear/brown bear ("Emma"), "Baseline Survey Report of Bears in Bangladesh. In China, bile is “farmed” by extracting it from captive bears, but elsewhere in Asia wild bears are hunted for their gallbladders and other body parts. Are you inspired by endangered animals? [3] Asian black bears break branches and twigs to place under themselves when feeding on trees, thus causing many trees in their home ranges to have nest-like structures on their tops. Would you like to receive a notice and link when the The Asian Black Bears are nocturnal in their habits. [10] Bear hunting expeditions were preceded by rituals, and could last up to two weeks. [18] The earliest known specimens of Asian black bears are known from the Early Pliocene of Moldova. The head tapers to a rather pointed snout, and it has rounded ears which are large and prominent. The Asiatic black bear is classified as vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), mostly because of deforestation and hunting for its body parts. In Hindu mythology, the Asian black bear Jambavantha (also known as Jambavan or Jamvanta) is believed to have lived from Treta Yuga to Dvapara Yuga. [44] It also occurs in Japan's islands of Honshu and Shikoku and on Taiwan and Hainan. [28] They have been known to attack bullocks, either killing them outright, or eating them alive.[59]. The species has short hind legs but a powerful upper body, making it a natural tree climber. Behavior . Adult females weigh 40–125 kg (88–27… The average lifespan in the wild is about 25 years; the oldest Asiatic black bear in captivity died at the age of 44 years. Asian Black Bear. Although easy to track and shoot, Asian black bears were known by British sportsmen to be extremely dangerous when injured. [15] From an evolutionary perspective, Asian black bears are the least changed of the Old World bears, with certain scientists arguing that it is likely that all other lineages of ursine bear stem from this species. Similar beliefs were held in Nagano, where the completely black Asian black bears were termed nekoguma or cat-bear. They are white on the chin, and have a distinct white patch on the chest, which sometimes has the shape of a V. Their ears are bell shaped, proportionately longer than those of other bears, and stick out sideways from the head. This species is known by various names, including the Tibetan black bear and the moon bear, because of its chest marking. Moreover, due to India's wide-stretching boundaries with other nations such as Pakistan, Tibet, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar, it is difficult to police such borders, which are often in mountainous terrain. [28] The average lifespan in the wild is 25 years, while the oldest Asian black bear in captivity died at the age of 44. [20], Until the Late Pleistocene, two further subspecies ranged across Europe and western Asia. [29] Rough density estimates without corroborating methodology or data have been made in India and Pakistan, resulting in the estimates of 7–9,000 in India and 1,000 in Pakistan. They will walk in a procession of largest to smallest. This description is not, I think, quite correct. [28] In the late 1970s, 400–1,200 hectares of land had been affected by Asian black bears bark-stripping Japanese conifers. It is similar in appearance to its better-known American relative (the American black bear). Interesting Asiatic black bear Facts: Asiatic black bear can reach 47 to 75 inches in length and 88 to 440 pounds of weight. These bears are considered quite intelligent and have outstanding learning ability in captivity. Bears that live near humans may alter their behavior and become more active at night. The Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus) also known as the moon bear, and white-chested bear, is a medium-sized bear species native to Asia. Box 18, Chandrabani, Dehradun 248001, India, "Bear bile: dilemma of traditional medicinal use and animal protection", Asiatic Black Bear Conservation Action Plan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Asian_black_bear&oldid=984032959, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This subspecies lacks the thick neck fur of other subspecies. [39], The Asian black bear's range overlaps with that of the sloth bear in central and southern India, the sun bear in Southeast Asia and the brown bear in the southern part of the Russian Far East. Cubs are blind and completely helpless at birth. It is also called "moon bear" because of a distinctive white crescent marking appearing on the chest. [45], The Asian black bear is listed as a protected animal in China's National Protection Wildlife Law, which stipulates that anyone hunting or catching bears without permits will be subject to severe punishment. [26] An Asian black bear/brown bear hybrid, taken from a bile farm, is housed at the Animals Asia Foundation's China Moon Bear Rescue as of 2010[update]. [64], Livestock killed by Asian black bears in Himachal Pradesh, India increased from 29 in 1988–1989 to 45 in 1992–1993. The Asian black bear’s ears are large and round, and proportionally larger than those of any other bear. Asiatic black bears live in moist forests, on steep mountains, and in areas where the vegetation is thick. [15], Five Asian black bear populations, occurring in Kyushu, Shikoku, West-Chugoku, East-Chugoku and Kii areas, were listed as endangered by the Environmental Agency in the Japanese Red Data Book in 1991. It spends much of the day sleeping and is mainly active at night. In Russia, 75–100 Asian black bears are legally harvested annually, though 500 a year are reportedly harvested illegally. According to Natural History of the Mammalia of India and Ceylon, "Their skins are always poor and mangy, and generally so greasy that they are very difficult to keep until you can make them over to the dresser",[51] which is corroborated by The Great and Small Game of India, Burma, and Tibet, which states "... the skins are never of any particular value, and in autumn, owing to the masses of yellow fat that are accumulated beneath them, are absolutely useless. [...] These brutes are totally different in their dispositions to the Brown Bear (Ursus Isabellinus), which, however desperately wounded, will never charge. [28] They may also den in abandoned brown bear dens.

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