It would be just as reasonable to describe an oak tree as composed of blocks and chips and shavings to which it may be reduced by the hatchet, as by Dr. Alexander William Williamson FRS (1 May 1824 – 6 May 1904) was an English chemist of Scottish descent. Omissions? The entrepreneurial spirit of independent record labels anticipated the radical economic…, Ether, any of a class of organic compounds characterized by an oxygen atom bonded to two alkyl or aryl groups. , Williamson is credited for his research on the formation of unsymmetrical ethers by the interaction of an alkoxide with a haloalkane, known as the Williamson ether synthesis. , In 1849, with the support of Thomas Graham, Williamson was appointed professor of analytical and practical chemistry at University College, London. In 1850 he discovered the structural relation between ethers and alcohols: in ethers the oxygen atom links two hydrocarbon groups, whereas in alcohols the oxygen is bonded to a hydrocarbon group and a hydrogen atom. In 1854 Williamson described the process of making ether from alcohol and revealed why an acid is needed as a catalyst. He is best known today for the Williamson ether synthesis. Error rating book. From 1849 to 1887 Williamson served on the faculty of University College, London. As a result of this increase in income, he was able to marry Emma Catherine Key, the third daughter of Thomas Hewitt Key, in 1855. After an early childhood spent in Brighton and then schools in Kensington, Williams enrolled at the University of Heidelberg in 1841. , For his work on etherification, Williamson received a Royal medal from the Royal Society in 1862, of which he became a fellow in 1855, and which he served as foreign secretary from 1873 to 1889. Alexander Williams is a resident of PA. Lookup the home address and phone 7175642317 and other contact details for this person https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_William... More books by Alexander William Williamson…. After working under Leopold Gmelin at Heidelberg, he transferred to the University of Giessen to work with Justus von Liebig, where he received his Ph.D. in 1845. He and his wife Catherine welcomed the group into their home, taught them English, introduced them to western society, and arranged for them to study as non-matriculated students at University College London. Alexander William Williamson, (born May 1, 1824, London—died May 6, 1904, Hindhead, Surrey, Eng. This was the first time that catalytic action was clearly explained. Alexander William Williamson FRS (1 May 1824 6 May 1904) was an English chemist of Scottish descent. After an arduous journey reaching London, the students were placed under the care of Professor Williamson. He is best known today for the Williamson ether synthesis. Despite early physical infirmity, the loss of sight in one eye and a largely useless left arm, Williamson grew up in a caring and stimulating intellectual environment. After working under Leopold Gmelin at Heidelberg, and Justus von Liebig at Gießen, Williamson spent three years in Paris studying higher mathematics under Comte. ), English chemist whose research on alcohols and ethers clarified organic molecular structure. Updates? Prof Alexander William Williamson FRS FRSE PCS MRIA (1 May 1824 – 6 May 1904) was an English chemist of Scottish descent. Portrait of Alexander William Williamson. A somewhat similar hypothesis was put forward by Rudolf Clausius about the same time.. From Graham's resignation in 1855 until Williamson's retirement in 1887, Williamson also held the chair of general (theoretical) chemistry.. Alexander William Williamson, (born May 1, 1824, London—died May 6, 1904, Hindhead, Surrey, Eng. From Wikiquote. The Chōshū Five as they later became known all served in the Japanese government, and made significant scientific and social contributions to the modernisation of Japan. In 1863 five students from the Chōshū clan were smuggled out of Japan. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …he was particularly influenced by Alexander Williamson, who had recently begun to expand this type theory into what became an incipient understanding of atomic valence.…, As Britain’s finances spiraled downward and the nation found itself suppliant to the International Monetary Fund, the seeming stolidity of 1970s London concealed various, often deeply opposed, radical trends.  They had two children: Oliver Key (d. 1941) and Alice Maude. This scientist article is a stub. , "Gedächtnisfeier: Alexander William Williamson", "Alexander Williamson and the Modernisation of Japan", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_William_Williamson&oldid=944233246, Corresponding Members of the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 March 2020, at 15:17.
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